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somatotype

Somatotyping is a method for describing the human physique in terms of a number of traits that relate to body shape and composition


Somatotype





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History

Originally proposed as a genotypic morphology rating on a 7 point scale by Sheldon (1940), drawing from earlier work of Kretschmer (1921) who classified three ‘poles’ to represent extreme physique variation, and Viola (1933) which related dimensions of the thorax, trunk and limbs to a ‘normotype’

Partly influenced by an alternative methodology from Parnell (1954), Heath and Carter (1967) introduced a three numeral rating somatotype which has become the most universally applied, which involved a photoscopic and anthropometric method, later to be revised in 1990

William Sheldon 1898-1977

Was an American psychologist who devoted his professional life to bserving the range of human body types and he associated these to human ersonality traits or temperament types

In the 1940s, Dr. William Sheldon (۱۸۹۸-۱۹۷۷) proposed a theory about how certain body types (“somatotypes”) are associated with certain personality characteristics